A new study shows that damage inflicted on trees in Puerto Rico by Hurricane Maria was unprecedented in modern times, and suggests that more frequent big storms whipped up by a warming climate could permanently alter forests not only here, but across much of the Atlantic tropics. Biodiversity could suffer as result, and more carbon could be added to the atmosphere, say the authors. The study appears this week in the journal Nature Communications.
Technology allows researchers to make images from 120 km below a mid-ocean ridge
Infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are a global public health threat causing serious illness and even death. Strains of the bacterium Enterococcus faecium (E. faecium) are generally harmless in healthy people, but can be pathogenic in immunocompromised or severely ill patients.
Terrestrial water storage (TWS) includes all phases of water over land (e.g., surface and groundwater, snow etc.) and acts as an important freshwater resource. It is a critical component of the terrestrial water cycle, so a reliable TWS decadal prediction would be beneficial for sustainable water resources management, especially in a changing climate.
Research based on analysis of field observations from 20-year global coral survey
Inuit communities' travel skills and regional knowledge have helped mitigate the effects of Arctic climate change on travel conditions, according to a new study.
UT Engineers combine hydrogels that are both highly water absorbent and can release water upon heating to create unique material that captures moisture and returns it as clean water
New research shows that recent climate change is having profound effects on wetlands across the American West - affecting birds that use these wetlands for breeding, migration and wintering.
Forests are the filters of our Earth: They clean the air, remove dust particles, and produce oxygen. So far, the rain forest in particular has been considered the "green lung" of our planet. Yet, an international team, including researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), recently found that the world's largest carbon sinks are located in young, regrowing forests. The results are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).
Rainy weather is becoming increasingly common over parts of the Greenland ice sheet, triggering sudden melting events that are eating at the ice and priming the surface for more widespread future melting, says a new study. Some parts of the ice sheet are even receiving rain in winter--a phenomenon that will spread as the climate continues to warm, say the researchers. The study appears this week in the European scientific journal The Cryosphere.
Pests and the plant defenses against them drive diversity in tropical rainforests
A new study published in Ecology Letters is using observations made by Henry David Thoreau--19th-century American naturalist, social reformer, and philosopher--to explore the effects of climate change on tree leaf-out and, as a result, the emergence of spring wildflowers.
AMES, Iowa - An Iowa State University biologist is sounding the alarm for the painted turtle, one of many reptiles for which climate change could prove particularly threatening.
Climate change is often talked about in terms of averages - like the goal set by the Paris Agreement to limit the Earth's temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius.
"A healthy community requires healthy soil." This idea spurred a consortium of researchers, farmers, and community garden practitioners to dive into the challenges--and opportunities--of urban agriculture. Their efforts, now in a second year, may highlight how urban soil can be a resource for human and environmental health.