The evolution of modern birds was largely shaped by Earth's changing geography and climate. In a recent study, researchers discovered the birds we know today share a common ancestor that arose in South America 90 million years ago.
A recent study by the University of Oxford looked at these seabirds, which sometimes dive deep into waves to grab the same fish dolphins are seeking. Numbering at about 340,000-410,000 pairs worldwide, they're considered a conservation priority.
Following some careful ancient DNA detective work, researchers believe they have tracked down the origin of Phytophthora infestans, which is the pathogen responsible for the 19th century Irish potato famine.
One of the Earth's driest places, Chile's Atacama Desert, is blanketed in purple flowers this fall because of unprecedented rains brought by El Niño. They flowers are nearly over--they're expected to disappear by late-November.
Researchers recently revealed that cacao trees are older than previously thought. This suggests the trees may have enough genetic diversity to meet growing chocolate demands.
Three new catfish were recently discovered in South America. Based on their characteristics, including particularly long snouts, researchers were forced to create a new genus.
After facing significant population declines, the military and great green macaws are now listed as an endangered species. As a result, import into and export out of the U.S. without a permit will be illegal.
An invasive species of moth known as the tomato leafminer is damaging tomato crops globally. It hasn't made its way to the U.S. yet but Virginia Tech researchers have issued recommendations on how to prevent future destruction.
"That's not flying! That's falling... with style." The memorable words of Tom Hanks as Toy Story's Sheriff Woody Pride would certainly apply here. Like Buzz Lightyear himself, the tree-hopping spiders of South American canopies have been revealed to fall with more grace than ever expected, stylishly gliding from one trunk to another to avoid predators.
The trees are moving, the trees are moving! And that's bad news for the trees that already have nowhere to go. New research has revealed that while low-land tropical forests are reaching new heights, high-altitude trees are seeing an all-time low in the face of climate change.
Ecuador is now officially in a state of emergency with an estimated 400 people already evacuated from a potential disaster zone south of the country's capital. In a Saturday address, Ecuador's President Rafael Correa explained that this is a precautionary action as the massive Cotopaxi volcano grows increasingly restless.
In many parts of the world, education is the #1 factor associated with awareness of climate change. But there are regional distinctions, and countries vary in terms of why people do or don't know the word and phenomenon. More here from a global poll done by researchers from Yale, Columbia, Utah State, Princeton, U-Mass-Amherst, and Academica Sinica in Taiwan.
Amid surrounding threats of settlement and deforestation, 1,235 acres of Paraguayan "Atlantic forest" containing 61 mammal species and 650 invertebrates has been donated for protection.
Has a visit to the pet shop ever made your mouth water? No? Then you've clearly never had guinea pig. The cuddly rodents have been a reliable snack in parts of Ecuador, Peru, and Colombia for generations. Called cuyes in Spanish, the animals are reportedly easier to raise and breed than chickens, and are eaten en-masse during key holidays. However, it's those feasts that could be leading to an unintended consequence: a plague of parasitic bites that is bringing South America to its knees.