After sequencing a genome of an ancient African male skull, researchers revealed more about the early humans' migration and introduction of farming in East Africa.
Using well-preserved 800-year-old seeds, students have successfully revived an extinct species of squash.
A University of Georgia researcher has developed new irrigation strategies that help the state's pecan farmers conserve valuable water. Georgia is considered the largest pecan-producing state in the U.S. However, the state only receives an average rainfall of about 127 cm annually.
Microbiologists recently discovered a way to combat worldwide ocean dead zones that are attributed to nitrogen-based fertilizers. Naturally occurring bacteria called rhizobia could replace nitrogen in fertilizer once more is learned about one of its genes called HrrP. Reduced nitrogen runoff would translate into fewer ocean dead zones.
After years of misidentifying Helmeted Woodpeckers, scientists from the University of Kansas have found that the bird has evolved with characteristics of larger competing birds in the Atlantic forest.
The Tarim basin in China is a very dry region, home to rare trees and cotton farms that produce 40 percent of the nation's crop. However, this areas is facing significant ecological problems. Researchers suggest a series of recommendations in order to preserve this unique desert.
A stone tool excavated from a cave in Italy still bore flakes of what might have been a prehistoric breakfast.
Researchers found a fourth gene that controls the process that makes wheat flower following a freeze. This discovery could improve wheat varieties to meet growing worldwide demands.
Land-sharing was found to be counterproductive for retaining biodiversity. A recent study suggests that leaving some land completely untouched, while increasing farming practice solely in other areas, will benefit the evolutionary diversity of bird species.
University of New Hampshire researchers discovered that crop rotation could combat the stress that soils experience with increased agriculture.
Exposure to farm dust is linked to protection against asthma and allergies. While the benefits of growing up on a farm have been known for some time now, a new study discovered a missing link.
While certain stink bugs have always created a problem for soybean farmers, the redbanded sink bug is present in very high numbers and is becoming resistant to common insecticides.
Tropical forests in the Amazon, home to roughly 2,000 species of plants, birds, beetles, ants and bees are being invaded by human activities such as logging. Researchers have found that habitats can be conserved by a wide network of forest areas.
The current coffee-farming system, which involves non-shade farming and low prices wrested from poor farmers, is causing problems. These methods have been in place only since the 1970s and 1980s, and a study talks about how they could be changed.
The Bronze Age was a significant era in Earth's early history, but how did it change Europe? New DNA analyses from the bones of early Europeans have attempted to answer just that question, showing that the demographic structure of present-day Europe and Asia is the result of widespread population migrations, and subsequent cultural changes that occurred during the Bronze Age.