Wits University researchers recently discovered the earliest known fossils of coelacanth species. This species, named Serenichthys kowiensis, is 360 million years old.
A group of scientists discovered that a marine species thought to be a "living fossil" is actually rapidly evolving. While the species hasn't changed much on the outside, a recent genetic analysis provides more information on brachiopod evolution.
Pre-reptile Bunostegos akokanensis is the earliest known creature to stand upright on all four legs. This species was thought to be a sprawler, but researchers from Brown University found that it had shoulders extending directly underneath its body instead of out to the sides.
Using fossilized teeth, researchers found that humans adapted a grass-based diet 400,000 years earlier than previously thought. This sheds light on how habitat change shaped human evolution.
A new online program called Fossil Finds allows people to become archaeologists in their own homes. Satellite images captured by drones and kites are uploaded for people to examine for fossils.
Three new fossil whale species were found in New Zealand. This provides valuable insight on how baleen whales evolved from their toothy ancestors.
Researchers recently found well-preserved sea turtle fossils in Colombia. They determined that these remains are 25 million years older than the previously known oldest sea turtle fossils.
An antique book about the second Dutch expedition of the Mascarene Islands depicts the first drawing of the now extinct dodo bird. This species went extinct in the 17th century from a combination of climate change effects and rapid island colonization.
A now-extinct monkey's one-million-year-old fossil was found embedded in limestone in an underwater cave in the Dominican Republic. This adds to findings about New World monkeys in the Caribbean.
Researchers recently discovered an ancient sea predator in a fossil-rich site in Iowa. They named the new species after a Greek warship.
Feathered fossils examined by Brown University researchers were found to hold vital pigment information about a bird-like dinosaur that died 150 million years ago.
It turns out that despite what Hollywood would have you thinking, it wasn't dinosaurs who were evolving in the Jurassic world. New research has determined that by the end of that iconic period, mammals were evolving at ten times the average rate, leading to an explosion of new adaptation and species.
Scientists have managed to successfully 'reverse evolve' the beaks of chicken embryos. The result very closely resembles the maws of long-gone dinosaurs, bolstering theories about the evolution of flight and - most stunningly - the potential to recreate prehistoric ancestors.
It's no secret that countless species are threatened or in danger of extinction across our tiny blue world. What may be a surprise, however, is that a great deal of those extinctions may be natural. A new study has taken to the fossil record to determine just how many aquatic species would still be on their way out even if humans had not been around to sully their natural habitats.
There are a lot of strange creatures out there that you probably have never seen. This is likely the case for the tiny burrowing reptiles known as worm lizards, which can be found just out of sight in five of the seven continents. Now new research has determined that to be so wide-spread, these little-known creatures actually rafted across vast oceans in prehistoric times.