Refining diagnosis and treatment for those with autism has been the main focus of an emerging body of research. Researchers are pushing for an early diagnosis of autism spectrum diseases in children, which could lead to improved results for children and their families.
A robotic drumming prosthesis created for drummer, Jason Barnes, essentially transforms him into a drumming cyborg. Built by Professor Gil Weinberg, of the Georgia Tech Lab, the robot has a motor which powers two drumsticks, and can be attached to humans. The first stick is controlled by the musicians' arms and electronically uses electromyography muscle sensors (EMG). The second stick basically "listens" to the tune being played and improvises.
A single serving of wine may be enough to make drivers 55 or older a dangerous threat on the road, a study suggests. In younger adults, researchers found alcohol consumption did not affect their measured driving skills at all. For the older drivers, the small, legal levels of intoxication did affect their driving.
Researchers have identified a unique mechanism that is unexpectedly effective at improving decision response accuracy. Decision making accuracy can be improved by waiting even just a fraction of a second. Waiting as little as 50 to 100 milliseconds allows the brain to focus on more pertinent information rather than extraneous matters.
Scientists may have hit the jackpot on creating a constant source of solar energy, solving a great energy riddle. To date, solar energy has not been seen as a totally viable energy source because the Sun is not always shining. In spite of this, researchers may have found a way to store solar energy, one of the major challenges in creating renewable solar fuels.
Nearly 5.5 million Latinas suffer from elevated fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and almost 4 million of those women were never told by a healthcare provider that they were at risk for diabetes, a recent study shows. The data showed that a quarter of the 4 million Latinas studied had not seen a healthcare provider in a year. Coupled with an overall lack of understanding about diabetes, it is imperative that health care providers begin incorporating diabetes screening assessments into most, if not all, health care visits, in order to increase early identification for those at risk for diabetes.
Mothers in professional and managerial jobs are expected to stay late or get in early, and to socialize with colleagues or clients in the evenings - even though this clashes with their childcare responsibilities. They must do so because working culture is still organized by men, who are less involved in childcare. Because of this, many mothers respond by leaving their jobs.
Breast cancer patients with high levels of vitamin D in their blood are twice more likely to survive the disease than women with low levels of this nutrient, research suggests. Researchers suggest physicians consider adding vitamin D into a breast cancer patient's standard care now and then closely monitor the patient.
Preschoolers can be smarter than college students at figuring out how unusual toys and gizmos work because they're more mentally flexible and less biased than adults in their ideas about cause and effect. Preschoolers and kindergartners instinctively follow Bayesian logic, a statistical model that draws inferences by calculating the probability of possible outcomes.
Thirty percent of adults with Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD) report that they were physically abused before they turned 18. This compares to seven percent of those without ADD/ADHD who were physically abused before the age of 18. With 30 percent of adults with ADD/ADHD reporting childhood abuse, it is important that health professionals working with children with these disorders screen them for physical abuse.
Scientists have identified a gene, which helps to regulate how different genes operate in different cell types. This finding may now allow scientists to find new ways to target and treat aggressive types of breast cancer. Scientists have pinpointed a gene, TAZ, which controls whether breast cells behave more like basal cells or more like luminal cells, information that might be important in understanding and possibly treating difficult-to-treat forms of breast cancer. Researchers have known for a long time that breast cells can lose their normal identity when they become cancerous, but are now realizing that normal cells can change their characteristics as well in response to transcription factors like TAZ. This might be a factor in the development of breast cancer. By identifying the genes responsible for this change in cells from breast tissue, researchers now hope to identify a way to stop or reverse it.
A study in the American Journal of Gastroenterology followed nearly 500,000 older U.S. adults and found that the risks of cancer were relatively greater among those who ate a large amount of red meat. However, a recent review underlines the uncertainties in the scientific evidence and suggests that further research is needed to resolve these issues and improve the foundation for future recommendations on the intake of red meat.
Researchers have found a critical link between extra body fat and diabetes. Higher levels of a molecule called Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4) play a key role in the development of insulin resistance. RBP4 creates a complex interplay between two branches of the body's immune system, leading to chronic fat tissue inflammation and, ultimately, insulin resistance. High RBP4 leads to insulin resistance, as well as cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and elevated levels of LDL cholesterol.
Researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the University of Michigan are reporting the first hard evidence that malaria creeps to higher elevations during warmer years and falls back down to lower altitudes when temperatures cool.