New genomic data from 5 birds-of-paradise reveal genes that are shaped by selection and help explain the origin of their spectacular plumage
To be listed as UNESCO World Heritagerequires special care and protection of valuable cultural monuments and pieces of Art from threats such as biodeterioration caused by microcolonial black fungi.
Although this is correct on larger scales, the assumption fails on smaller scales, according to various experiments and computer simulations carried out in recent decades.
Study by the University of Bonn showsHigh-tech surfaces could greatly reduce drag and CO2 emissions of ships
The impacts of invasive species on native fauna and flora can be devastating. A major problem is that their introductions often go unnoticed, or their damaging effects are only detected with a delay.
A study, led by the University of Bristol, has shed some new light on how the beaks of birds have adapted over time.
Reef-building corals thrive in nutrient poor marine environments due to an obligate symbiotic relationship with symbiotic dinoflagellates, zooxanthellae. Corals cannot survive without symbiotic zooxanthellae.
JUPITER, FL - Jan. 16, 2019 - Your cells have an amazing ability--they can build their own energy factories, called mitochondria. Once built, mitochondria must move where needed in the cell. Defects in mitochondrial transport are a suspected cause of diseases including Alzheimer's, ALS, Huntington's and Parkinson's.
A research in collaboration with the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has carried out a massive genetic study of the relationships between feather mites and birds
The researchers also identified two genes involved in metabolism that were "turned down" in the next two generations of flies, called bmm and PGC-1. Revving up the flies' metabolism by overexpressing these genes also protected the hearts of the children and grandchildren of flies that ate a fatty diet. This protection lasted even if the subsequent generation consumed coconut oil.
Researchers at the University of Basel's Biozentrum have now discovered a molecular approach preventing rejection of the transplanted graft while simultaneously maintaining the ability to fight against infections.
Short-lived wild insects "get old" - losing some of their physical abilities - before they die, new research shows. Few studies have examined whether insects such as field crickets - whose adult life lasts a few weeks - experience "ageing" in the sense of physical decline in nature.
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have used mathematical modelling to identify why the 2007 UK outbreak of bluetongue - a viral disease spread by midge bites that affects sheep and cattle - was smaller than it could have been and to predict the future impact of the disease in northern Europe as the climate warms.
Study: Animal populations are decreasing due to their high-risk food-finding strategies