May Broke Global Records as Temperature Continues to Rise, NASA Says
"Abnormal is the new normal," said a climate change expert.
Climate change on Earth has reached another all time record: the month of May is the hottest recorded month, according to the premiere space agency in the U.S., NASA.
According to NASA, May's temperature broke global records, including the Arctic which has survived abnormal amount of heat causing the Greenland ice sheet to melt in unusually faster speed, while Alaska also broke its record by a huge margin. The same trend was experienced worldwide including Finland.
"The state of the climate so far this year gives us much cause for alarm," said David Carlson, director of Geneva's World Climate Research Programme, in a press release published by Phys.org.
Parts of the world experienced the worst El Nino phenomena causing drought in agriculturally-dependent nations such as the Philippines. In Australia, 53 percent of the population experienced the warmest autumn in history.
NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies and its World Climate Research Programme studied satellite records of the Arctic Sea Ice. The data revealed that this May 2016, the sparsest sea ice coverage was observed. The snow started melting in Barrow Alaska on May 13 and it is the earliest annual retreat in coverage recorded in a span of 78 years, according to a report by Aljazeera.
In Greenland, Nuuk experienced a recorded 24.8 degrees Celsius. Experts say that the carbon dioxide emissions contribute to the extreme weather trend. Since the last El Nino in 1998, carbon emissions have increased by 25 percent causing a hotter temperature on Earth. If the trend doesn't stop, the world should expect an even hotter temperature records in the future.
Experts also believe that the abnormal climate conditions are not only due to El Nino but also from other factors as well. "Exceptionally high temperatures. Ice melts rates in March and May that we don't normally see until July. Once-in-a-generation rainfall events. The super El Nino is only partly to blame," Carlson said in another interview with Economic Times.
The World Meteorological Organization also believes that one of the factors responsible for the worsening climate conditions are the green house gasses present in the atmosphere.
NASA satellite's observation of ice sheets on Earth is approximately 600,000 square kilometers below the all time record of 38 years.