The next time you're at a museum peering at early primate and Neanderthal skulls - even those from wild apes today - look closely for the one thing human skulls exclusively have. No, it's not a larger brain-case or a handsome jaw line... it's a chin. Now researchers think they know why it is that modern humans developed this unique, protruding characteristic when no other primates did.
There are a lot of strange creatures out there that you probably have never seen. This is likely the case for the tiny burrowing reptiles known as worm lizards, which can be found just out of sight in five of the seven continents. Now new research has determined that to be so wide-spread, these little-known creatures actually rafted across vast oceans in prehistoric times.
In a world where it's getting harder and harder to tell fact from fiction, it's healthy to be a skeptic about nearly everything you read. Such is the case for recent report about a successfully cloned prehistoric owl - one far too many science and nature lovers were quick to believe and even republish.
At a Lower Paleolithic site in Israel, researchers discovered ancient stone tools that are revealing prehistoric man's taste for meat, according to a new study.
Neanderthals may have seemed brutish and dumb, but they certainly had style. A new study has shown that before the prehistoric humanoids mysteriously disappeared from the face of the Earth, they were wearing eagle talons as jewelry on their bodies.
You definitely heard of the woolly mammoth, but did you know that 10,000 years ago, some particularly hairy rhinoceros were stomping around the Sleeping Lands as well? Researchers recently got their hands on an incredibly well-preserved carcass of a baby woolly rhino - one that had been trapped in ice for thousands upon thousands of years.
Researchers have now determined that hippos were likely some of the first large animals to migrate from Asia to Africa, swimming from one continent to the other roughly 35 million years ago. However, they certainly weren't the semi-aquatic giants they are today. Fossil evidence indicates that ancient hippos were no larger than modern sheep.
Bottlenose dolphins are iconic sea creatures, with thousands of vacationers flocking to the Mediterranean's clear waters to watch playful pods in action each year. Now, however, it has been revealed that these dolphins would not be found there thousands of years ago, making them relatively new settlers to the biblical "Great" or "Middle Sea."
It is thought that about 66 million years ago, a massive impact led to the full extinction of the dinosaurs (potentially with the help of volcanoes and disease), and a significant portion of prehistoric sea life. Now researchers have found evidence that even the great majority of mammals at this time did not escape destruction.
It's alive! Resurrecting a pair of viruses from 700-year-old caribou feces may not sound like the best idea in the world, but that's exactly what a team of scientists did, according to a new study.
New fossil evidence is pointing to the possibility of a sixth mass extinction event in Earth's past, and this one may have helped usher in the largest "great dying" that that ever occurred. If that is right, the Permian period may have actually been hit with a two-punch knockout that caused more species loss than the infamous extinction of the dinosaurs.
Incredibility small diamonds laced through an unassuming layer of earth may be a major clue in telling just what happened to some of North America's largest mammals 13,000 years ago.
Experts have uncovered the fossil of what they believe is the oldest known muscled organism, providing invaluable insight into how muscle tissue developed and evolved from primitive life.
Experts believe they have unearthed the remains of the king of all penguins, a six-foot-long flightless bird that ruled over Antarctica 40 million years ago.
Researchers have recently discovered one of the oldest members of a tribe of beetles, setting the date of their first appearance back to at least 100 million years ago. Interestingly, this beetle was discovered in opaque amber, a type of prehistoric sap that is not transparent.