Scientists have discovered a "dimmer switch" in the brain that can not only help them better understand the brain chemistry behind mood disorders like depression, but how to treat them, too, according to new research published in the journal Science.
The Taung Child, a hominin discovered in South Africa 90 years ago, may not be as human-like as scientists previously thought after CT scans of its brain cast doubt on its similarity to modern humans, according to a new study.
Finding a fossil is no rare occurrence, but unearthing one with still part of its brain intact is a horse of a different color. That's what researchers in China discovered when they found a preserved brain in the fossil of one of the world's first known marine predators that lived 520 million years ago, as described in the journal Nature.
Hundreds of experts in the neuroscience field are threatening to have their labs and respective facilities boycott Europe's Human Brain Project (HBP) on the grounds that the 10-year, $1.6 billion initiative is not being properly managed.
Researchers appear to have stumbled upon the key to consciousness, finding how to "turn off and on" the consciousness of the human mind while a patient is awake through direct neural stimulus.
Iron levels in the brain may be an accurate measure to determine the presence and severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study suggests.
Researchers have determined that brain wave synchronization is critical for the brain to absorb and categorize, according to a recent study.
A federal initiative in the works is dedicated to mapping activity of the human brain - pushing for a better scientific understanding of how the brain functions. Now, a federal report is calling for billions in funding over the next 12 years for new research.
Binge eating, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and even methamphetamine addiction may all be influenced by how the brain functions - namely how much grey matter is found in "goal-oriented" parts of the brain, according to a recent study.
Researchers have recently discovered how different meditation techniques cause brain activity to change in remarkably different ways, showing that meditation can truly impact the activity of the mind.
People who regularly work with "safe" solvents such as paint or degreasers face an increased risk of thought and memory problems as they age, according to a recent study.
Learning how to play the guitar may do more than just impress the ladies. It may actually be changing how your brain works. Even brief musical instruction may drastically change the blood-flow patterns of the brain, new study suggests.
Electrical currents may help people consciously experience their dreams, no shaman or spirit-guide required. Dreamers zapped with low-intensity currents reported having what they described as lucid dreams more than 75 percent of the time, according to a new study.
A hormone that has long been associated with an increased life-span has now been linked to increased intelligence. The gene expression associated with increased levels of this hormone may one day provide means to treat cognitive decline, researchers suggest.