Animals' poop plays a key role in keeping the planet fertile. However, when large animals go extinct the natural cycling of nutrients from deep ocean waters to high mountainous areas is significantly reduced, researchers revealed in a new study.
African elephants are the leading cause behind the tree-density loss in Kruger National Park. A new study sheds light on how conservationists can maintain sustainable preserves while reducing the effects of the growing number of tree-eating elephants.
With Halloween fast approaching, this is a good time to learn about a relatively small crustacean known as the Halloween crab for its colorful appearance.
Orangutans and other rare species on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Borneo are endanagered, in large part due to commercial plam oil cultivation. In the last decade alone, orangutan populations have declined by 50 percent as the result of habitat loss and smoke-related deaths.
Deciduous trees along rivers and streams provide protection from damaging solar radiation and valuable foliage every autumn. Fallen leaves act as a vital food source for insects, and keeping insect populations healthy could ultimately help river ecosystems combat climate change, researchers reveal in a new study.
Caucasian Parsley Frogs (Pelodytes punctatus) feed on insects breeding in the feces of bats in remote limestone caves near Russia, researchers discovered. Their study sheds light on the importance of species conservation.
Scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have made the first-ever field observations of Omura's whales, which occured off the coast of Madagascar. This study sheds light on the rare species' behavior and habitat preferences.
Howler monkeys are fairly small animals, but can roar as powerfully as tigers. This ability comes at a evolutionary trade-off, though: howler monkeys with louder calls often have smaller reproductive organs, a recent study revealed.
A newly discovered pig-snouted turtle, Arvinachelys golden, may help researchers fill in the gaps of turtle evolution.
A detailed genetic analysis suggests that Central Asia was home to the world’s first domesticated dog.
With heavier rainfall sweeping through the African savanna, one would expect to see more thriving populations of trees. However, it turns out trees' deep roots are actually disadvantageous and don't allow the plants to suck up abundant water resources.
Indian Mynas are also carrying exotic strands of avian malaria which is threatening native wildlife.
While evolving with specialized defenses has helped animals escape predation, long-term risks need to be considered. The simple act of camouflage or mimicry, which sufficiently confuses prey, doesn't seem to have backfired, but the use of chemical defenses has. In fact, some amphibians that release lethal toxins to kill predators are now at a higher risk of extinction.
Aggressive logging is threatening a new coffee tree species that was discovered in Cusuco National Park, Honduras, just two years ago. Now International Union for the Conservation of Nature is declaring it "critically endangered."
Coast redwoods will be shifted northward into southern Oregon, if temperatures continue to warm and current rainfall amounts remain constant. This will be a significant habitat change, compared to that which they have experienced for the last several decades.