Engines of the Future: How Tiny Bacteria Could Power Your Smartphone
Can you imagine your phone being solely powered by microscopic bacteria?
A team of scientists from Oxford University has devised a way to harness energy from the natural movement of bacteria, which, they say, could power man-made micromachines.
According to the study published in the journal Science, these bacteria powerplants have a big potential to power various micromachines.
To test their theory, the team created computer simulations that showed how the movement of dense active matter, like swarms of bacteria, could be arranged in a cylindrical form to produce energy. The researchers noted that it is important that these bacteria are dense enough in order for them to be organised for power extraction, Science Daily reports.
Dr. Tyler Shendruk, co-author of the study, said harvesting power from biological systems has a lot of great potential. It does not need any pre-designing in order to function, as the swarm of bacteria could assemble itself into a form of a windfarm without any human help.
The swarm of bacteria not only self-assemble, but can also spin in the opposite direction, just like what a windfarm does.
"When we did the simulation with a single rotor in the bacterial turbulence, it just got kicked around randomly. But when we put an array of rotors in the living fluid, they suddenly formed a regular pattern, with neighbouring rotors spinning in opposite directions," Shendruk said.
TechRadar notes that even though the amount of power produced by bacteria is limited, it still opens the doors for more study of its use in sensors and microscopic robots.
Also, the new discovery is a costless and effortless way to harness energy--there's no need for mechanical work as the bacteria reassemble themselves to continually generate power.
"Nature is brilliant at creating tiny engines, and there is enormous potential if we can understand how to exploit similar designs," said Julia Yeomans, senior author of the study.